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Global Recession Fears Persist

May 23, 2022

Read Time 2 MIN


The market continues to comb data releases for signs of global recession. Meanwhile, Ukrainian refuges in EMEA can help to boost local consumption, but also raise inflation pressures.

Global Recession Risks

It’s a risk-on day today, but global recession calls are getting louder. The consensus is zeroing on Europe as one of the world’s “weak links” – in part due to the impact of the Russia/Ukraine war on energy prices and transportation networks. These bottlenecks are not expected to disappear any time soon, which explains, for example, why the expectations component in today’s IFO surveyin Germany stayed weak. It is encouraging that Germany’s sentiment indicators remained above the levels typically associated with recession. The problem, however, is that Europe is also facing additional growth headwinds related to China’s policy-induced slowdown, as the trade connections between the two are strong.

EMEA Growth, Inflation Pressures

Regardless of Europe’s near-term growth outlook, it looks like the European Central Bank’s (ECB’s) policy rate liftoff is in the cards for July (as per the latest blog from the ECB President Christine Lagarde), and that it will be followed by more tightening (another 75bps or so) in the remainder of the year. And this faster ECB normalization may test the resolve of monetary authorities in Central Europe, some of which appear to be settling into a slower rate hike routine – in part due to the expectation of slowing domestic demand from Q2 onwards. Hungary’s economic sentiment and consumer confidence indices seem to corroborate this scenario – they looked noticeably weaker in May. On the other hand, Poland’s surging retail sales (see chart below) point to potential growth tailwinds – but also new inflation risks – stemming from spending and consumption by Ukrainian refugees.

South Africa Ratings

Growth fears are back in South Africa as well, due to the combined impact of electricity blackouts, COVID flareups, and recent floods. Still, South Africa can probably ignore these issues for one day and bask in the glory of its outlook upgrade by S&P. The move was not quite expected – we generally do not see a lot of upgrades these days – but it shows that rating agencies took notice of the recent progress made by the South African government on the fiscal front. Growth, however, might be a key consideration as to whether or not positive outlook will translate into a proper rating upgrade. Stay tuned!

Chart at a Glance: Poland’s Extra Policy Challenge – Refugees’ Impact on Consumption

Chart at a Glance: Poland’s Extra Policy Challenge – Refugees’ Impact on Consumption

Source: Bloomberg LP

PORSYOY Index – Poland Retail Sales Year-over-Year

1The IFO Business Climate Index a leading early indicator of economic activity released monthly.

PMI – Purchasing Managers’ Index: economic indicators derived from monthly surveys of private sector companies. A reading above 50 indicates expansion, and a reading below 50 indicates contraction; ISM – Institute for Supply Management PMI: ISM releases an index based on more than 400 purchasing and supply managers surveys; both in the manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries; CPI – Consumer Price Index: an index of the variation in prices paid by typical consumers for retail goods and other items; PPI – Producer Price Index: a family of indexes that measures the average change in selling prices received by domestic producers of goods and services over time; PCE inflation – Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index: one measure of U.S. inflation, tracking the change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers throughout the economy; MSCI – Morgan Stanley Capital International: an American provider of equity, fixed income, hedge fund stock market indexes, and equity portfolio analysis tools; VIX – CBOE Volatility Index: an index created by the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), which shows the market's expectation of 30-day volatility. It is constructed using the implied volatilities on S&P 500 index options.; GBI-EM – JP Morgan’s Government Bond Index – Emerging Markets: comprehensive emerging market debt benchmarks that track local currency bonds issued by Emerging market governments; EMBI – JP Morgan’s Emerging Market Bond Index: JP Morgan's index of dollar-denominated sovereign bonds issued by a selection of emerging market countries; EMBIG - JP Morgan’s Emerging Market Bond Index Global: tracks total returns for traded external debt instruments in emerging markets.

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